In this article, I want to show how I quickly ran a Docker container for free on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. I made use of a a VM in the Always Free Tier of OCI and for a side project setup a dockerised Postgres database.
Why Oracle Cloud Infrastructure
Oracle offers an Always Free cloud services. You can see the details below:
Note: the workload of a container has to fit in the shape of this always free VM: VM.Standard.E2.1.Micro, 1/8 OCPU, 1 GB RAM and up to 480 Mbps network bandwidth (see docs). The boot volume offers just over 45GB of disk storage. In order for the container to be accessible, the ports mapped on the VM to container also have to be configured in ingress rules in the security list. We need to install Docker ourselves in the VM; it is provisioned with just an Oracle Linux image.
Lets get started
1) Get yourself a tenancy and create a VM
The first thing we ought to do is create a VM. If you've got a cloud tenancy then you probably already know how to create an instance. If you're new to Oracle Cloud then watch the below video and create an "always free" VM by signing up at https://cloud.oracle.com/free:
Note: Most of the details like availability zone, image details, networking options are already pre-filled by Oracle and kept but can be adjusted if you want something specific. I went ahead with the standard settings.
The VM will now be provisioned — as is indicated:
After a little while, the VM is up and running — and has a public IP address assigned to it:
The situation at this point can be visualized as is shown in the below figure:
2) Setup Ingress Rules in Security List for VM to open up the ports required for whatever container you want to run
The VM is associated with a public subnet in a Virtual Cloud Network. The security list(s) for this subnet should be configured with ingress rules that make the required traffic possible to the port(s) that will be mapped to the container image. Open the details page for the public subnet. Click on the security list (or create a new one)
We will run the Postgres container image. The port we will map in the VM to the Postgres container is one we can choose ourselves. Let’s pick 5432 which is the default port for Postgres. we need to configure an ingress rule as below:
Source CIDR is set to 0.0.0.0/0; along with Source Port Range left blank (i.e. All) this means that this rule applies to any client.
3) SSH into the VM, install Docker
At this point, we have a running VM instance with just a Linux Operating System but no Docker. Let’s SSH into the VM using this command:
ssh opc@public-id-address -i private-key-file
Replace the public-id-address with the public IP assigned to the VM. Replace private-key-file with a reference to the file that contains the SSH private key
Now to install Docker, execute these commands:
sudo yum-config-manager --enable ol7_addons sudo yum install docker-engine -y sudo systemctl start docker sudo systemctl enable docker
To run Docker as a non-root user, read these instructions.
Run Docker Container Image
With Docker installed, we can now run the Postgres container image.
Run the container image with this command. Don't forget to add a different password for
sudo docker run -d -p 5432:5432 --name postgres -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword postgres
sudo docker ps to verify if the container is running. The above command will start a PostgreSQL database and map ports using the following pattern:
Port 5432 of our container will be mapped on port 5432 of our host or server.
Access the container on your host or server. We will create a database inside our Postgres container.
sudo docker exec -it postgres bash
Now you are ‘inside’ your container. We can access postgres and create the database.
root@12d48fde2627:/# psql -U postgres psql (13.3 (Debian 13.3-1.pgdg100+1)) Type "help" for help. postgres=# CREATE DATABASE testdb; CREATE DATABASE postgres=# \q
We are finished. You can exit your container (
\q) and go to your local machine. Here you need some PostgreSQL Client tool installed like DBeaver or pgAdmin. Connect to the DB server by using the public IP as the host,
5432 as the port,
postgres as the username, the
POSTGRES_PASSWORD as the password and connect to the
testdb. Save the connect and you should now be able to access your DB.
Congrats, you have now run a Postgres Docker Container on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure!
Thanks for reading! I really hope that you find this article useful. I invite you to participate in the discussion in the comments below, I'm always interested to know your thoughts and happy to answer any questions you might have in your mind. If you think this post was useful, please like the post to help promote this piece to others.
Thanks for reading! :)
This article leans heavily on the following material:
- Run Always Free Docker Container on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure - Lucas Jellema
- Connect From Your Local Machine to a PostgreSQL Database in Docker - Lorenz Vanthillo
Did you find this article valuable?
Support Rohit Jacob Mathew by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!